MyBenefits of Basic Essentials: Healthcare
Public Healthcare Services - Public Healthcare Facilities
Widely available and accessible healthcare facilities nationwide
Last updated: March 2, 2018
All information has not been verified by the relevant Ministry/Agency
Type of Healthcare Facilities Available to Malaysians
The public healthcare system in Malaysia is organised in a structured multi-tier access system. In order to reach out as far and wide as possible to deliver basic primary care services to as many Malaysians as possible. This is done via a sprawling network of small community and health clinics set up to serve communities in small towns and remote rural and sparsely populated areas. Community Clinics provide primary care to approximately 2,000 to 4,000 people per clinic, while larger communities of 15,000 to 20,000 people are served by sub-district health clinics. This extensive network of basic healthcare service clinics provides the base support through an organised referral system to the district and state hospitals which provide more extensive, focused and specialised medical care that is built to serve a larger population of 50,000.
In 2016, the Malaysian public healthcare facilities under the purview of the Ministry of Health include:-
Static Health Clinics – Main Primary Care Providers
1,803 Community Clinics
91 Maternal and Child Health Clinic
969 Health Clinics
357 1Malaysia Clinics
List of Community & Health Clinics >
Mobile Clinics – Rural Areas Primary Care Providers
204 Teams of Mobile Health Clinics
12 Teams of Flying Doctors Services
7 1Malaysia Mobile Bus Clinics
4 1Malaysia Mobile Boat Clinics
Hospitals – Specialised Secondary and Tertiary Healthcare Providers
14 State Hospitals
28 District Hospitals with major specialists
28 District Hospitals with minor specialists
65 District Hospitals without specialists
9 special medical institutions
9 Non-MOH Hospitals
Source: Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia
Assistance: Healthcare facilities
Income group: All income segments
Target group: All Malaysians
Subsidy: Fully or partially subsidised healthcare services
Ministry/Agency: Ministry of Health (MOH)
Block E1, E3 , E6 , E7 & E10, Parcel E,
Federal Government Administration Centre,
62590, Putrajaya Malaysia
Fax: 03- 8886187
Public Healthcare Facilities by State >
Public Primary Healthcare Facilities - Static Health Clinics
1,803 Community Clinics/Klinik Desa or Village health clinic is manned by community nurses and are located in rural areas. They provide health services only to mothers and children under seven years old.
969 Health clinics In each small and major town throughout Malaysia, one can find a Health Clinics or Klinik Kesihatan. These clinics, manned by Medical Officers, are the main public primary care providers for the town. Basic services offered include treatment of Hypertension, Diabetes and simple cough and cold. They also serve as the first contact and referral point of the public healthcare system. Patients with serious illnesses are referred to and treated at specialised healthcare facilities.
91 Maternal and child health clinics are located in urban areas and provide health services to mothers and children under seven years old.
357 1Malaysia Clinics were initiated and established in urban neighbourhoods to provide basic healthcare services to under-served low-income urban dwellers. The clinics open from 1000 am until 2200pm.
Village health promoters (VHP) are healthcare volunteers selected by their own community to attend basic health training and function as health volunteers in their community.
Public Primary Healthcare Facilities - Mobile Health Clinics
Mobile health services (MHS) comprised of Flying Doctor services, road-mobile and riverine services. It provides health services to the under-served population in rural areas. The MHS operates from health clinics and divisional health office.
1Malaysia Mobile Clinics In an effort to expand the present mobile clinic services for the rural areas, buses and boats equipped as mobile clinics have been introduced at the end of 2010. These differ from the traditional mobile clinics in that there are now doctors manning these clinics in place of Medical Officers.
Public Secondary and Tertiary Healthcare Facilities
121 District Hospitals
In almost every administrative district, there is a government hospital. Each of these hospitals is equipped with 2-7 medical officers. In each state, there are between from two to six hospitals depending on the size of the state. There are 2 types of district hospitals: with and without specialists.
45 District Hospitals with Specialist Services
These are hospitals located in the bigger district of state with a bed complement from 150 to 500 beds. In each state, there are between from two to six hospitals depending on the size of the state. The specialist services available in these hospitals are general medicine, general surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, anaesthesia, pathology and radiology. Other services based on needs are provided by visiting specialists from the general hospitals
Hospitals with specialists are further categorised as major or minor specialist hospital and minor specialist hospitals.
27 major specialist hospitals provide 20 resident services in each major specialist hospital - General medicine, Nephrology, Dermatology, Respiratory Medicine, Infectious Diseases, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Neonatology, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics & gynaecology, Maternal-fetal medicine, Anaesthesiology. Emergency Medicine, Radiology, Pathology, Psychiatry, ORL, Ophthalmology, Paediatric dental and Oral surgery
28 minor specialist hospitals provide resident speciality services: general medicine, general surgery, paediatrics, orthopaedics, O&G, anesthesiology, radiology, clinical pathology, emergency medicine, psychiatry. As a minor specialist hospital, 10 basic specialities (general medicine, general surgery, O&G, paediatrics, orthopaedics, anesthesiology, radiology, pathology, psychiatry, emergency medicine) were identified to be provided as resident services.
76 District Hospitals without Specialists
These hospitals provide basic outpatient and clinical treatment services such as emergency unit, maternity care and support units such as labs, X-Ray, pharmacy and haemodialysis.
14 State Hospitals or General Hospitals
Each state capital has a General Hospital. This hospital forms the final referral for all the hospitals in the state. They are well equipped with all basic specialities, diagnostic laboratories and imaging facilities and a large number of hospital beds to cater to the needs of the state’s population. Some of the hospitals also have subspecialties including cardiology, neurosurgery, gastroenterology etc.
It is the largest government hospital with the highest bed capacity in the state and it offers the widest range of speciality and subspecialty services.
20 specialities: general medicine, general surgery, paediatrics, orthopaedics, O&G, anesthesiology, radiology, anatomical pathology, chemical pathology, lab haematology, microbiology, ophthalmology, ORL, emergency medicine, psychiatry, oral surgery, paediatric dental, forensic medicine, rehab medicine, transfusion medicine.
25 subspecialties: dermatology, nephrology, gastroenterology, respiratory medicine, infectious diseases, endocrinology, cardiology, rheumatology, urology, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, trauma surgery, colorectal surgery, Paediatric surgery, maternal-foetal, oncology, spine orthopaedic, joint arthroplasty, adult intensive care, pain medicine, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, neonatology, Vitreo-retinal, glaucoma, child psychiatry.
9 National Referral Centres / Institutions
There are several National Referral centres and institutions. The main National Referral Centre is Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL). Historically HKL was designated as a general hospital, however, due to the central location and being in the capital of the country, it became the focus of the development of hospital services. With the growth of these services, several national institutions were designated. For example Paediatric Institute, Maternity Hospital, Institute of Urology and Nephrology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Institute of Orthopaedics etc. The National Heart Institute was originally part of HKL complex but it was later corporatized as a government-owned entity.
6 Non-MOH Hospitals
Non-MOH hospitals are hospitals provided for by other Ministries such as the Ministry of Higher Education (University teaching hospitals), the Ministry of Defence (military hospitals) and the Ministry of National Unity and Social Development (Orang Asli hospitals). There are six non-MOH hospitals in Malaysia, having nearly 3,000 beds.