MyBenefits: Basic Living Essentials

Basic Essential of Education: Malaysia’s Free Public Schooling System and Facilities

Accessible, Available and Affordable Public Education for All Malaysians

Malaysia's Public Education System 

In Malaysia, the government provides free education from early childhood pre-school to post-secondary in preparation for entrance to tertiary education. Regardless of their social class, gender, ethnicity background or physical and mental disabilities, all Malaysians have equal opportunities to basic education, starting pre-school through 11 years of primary and secondary education and for those who qualify, two years of post-secondary to prepare them for tertiary education.

I. Pre-School Education 

Children begin their education at pre-schools/ kindergartens from the age of four to six. Pre-school education provide students the basic communication, personality development, social and other positive skills before entering formal schooling.


Free pre-school education facilities are made available not only by the Ministry of Education but also other government agencies namely the Ministry of Rural Development (KEMAS), ABIM, the State Religious Department and the National Unity Department.


Public Pre-school Stats in 2018    
Number of Institutions: 17,400
Number of Classes: 24,788
Teachers: 26,381
Enrolment: 500,160
Source: MoE 

 

Assistance
Besides providing free public pre-schooling facilities, the government also provides financial aid and assistance to pre-school students.

  • Food assistance (RM1.80 per day for Peninsular Malaysia / RM2.05 for Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan). Treasury Circular No. 8 of 2012, financial management guideline for the allocation of education assistance to schools based on student per capita)

  • Allocation for students per capita grant (RM100.00 / student per year)

  • Co-curriculum assistance (RM25.00 / student per year)

  • Takaful fees (RM1.50 / student per year)

 

Contacts
Ministry: Ministry of Education Malaysia (MoE) 

Website: https://www.moe.gov.my/

Division: Pre-school Management Sector, Regular School Management
Website: https://smpk.moe.gov.my/
Email: kpkkpm@moe.gov.my

Mailing address: Level 3, Block E2, E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya.
Telephone: 03-8884 9585 
Fax: 03-8884 9493

 

Web-links
Application >
 

II. Primary Education 

Formal schooling begins with primary school education when the child is seven year old. The government has made it compulsory for all children of that age to attend primary school.  Home-schooling or home-based teaching is also allowed with the prior permission from the State Education Department, Ministry of Education.

 

During the six years of primary education, students will be taught to reading, writing and arithmetic.  They will also be exposed to other subjects such as science, physical education, Islamic and moral education. At the end of their studies in year 6, they will sit for the Primary School Achievement Test (UPSR).

 

Public and Government aided Primary School Facilities

There are two categories of primary schools that provide free education to students age seven to twelve:

  1. Government schools: public-funded national schools

  2. Government-aided schools: public-funded national-type schools, includes

  • Chinese national-type schools

  • Tamil national-type schools

 

Public Primary School Stats in 2018        

Number of Institutions:   7,776

Number of Classes: 105,240

Teachers: 240,101

Enrolment: 2,693,318

 

Assistance

Besides providing free primary schooling facilities, the government also provides financial aid and assistance to pre-school students.

  • Food assistance (RM1.80 per day for Peninsular Malaysia / RM2.05 for Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan). Treasury Circular No. 8 of 2012, financial management guideline for the allocation of education assistance to schools based on student per capita)

  • Allocation for students per capita grant (RM100.00 / student per year)

  • Co-curriculum assistance (RM25.00 / student per year)

  • Takaful fees (RM1.50 / student per year)

  • Textbook

  • Poor Students' Trust Fund

  • Supplementary Food Programme

  • Tuition Voucher Scheme

  • Health care programmes

 

Contacts
Ministry: Ministry of Education Malaysia (MoE) 

Website: https://www.moe.gov.my/
Email: kpkkpm@moe.gov.my

Mailing address: Level 3, Block E2, E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya.
Telephone: 03-8884 9585 
Fax: 03-8884 9493

 

Web-links
Application >
 

III. Secondary Education 

After UPSR, students will be automatically promoted to secondary level education.  Secondary schooling comprises two levels over five years to complete, lower secondary education (form 1 to form 3) and upper secondary education (form 4 to form 5).  Secondary education is not compulsory for all students. At the end of year five, students will sit for the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) assessment exam to qualify for pre-university studies.


The Malaysian government provides secondary education for free at three types of National Secondary Schools:

  • Academic secondary schools

    • National secondary school (regular)

    • Secondary school (fully residential)

  • Technical/vocational secondary school

    • Technical secondary schools

    • Vocational secondary schools

    • Skills secondary schools

  • Secondary schools of other descriptions as determined by the Ministry, such as

    • National Religious Secondary Schools

    • Arts and sports secondary school

    • Special Education Schools
       

Public Secondary School Stats in 2018    
Number of Institutions: 2,426
Number of Classes: 79,593
Teachers: 183,465
Enrolment: 2,041,798

 

Assistance

Besides providing free primary schooling facilities, the government also provides financial aid and assistance to pre-school students.

  • Food assistance (RM1.80 per day for Peninsular Malaysia / RM2.05 for Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan). Treasury Circular No. 8 of 2012, financial management guideline for the allocation of education assistance to schools based on student per capita)

  • Allocation for students per capita grant (RM100.00 / student per year)

  • Co-curriculum assistance (RM25.00 / student per year)

  • Takaful fees (RM1.50 / student per year)

  • Textbook

  • Poor Students' Trust Fund

  • Supplementary Food Programme

  • Tuition Voucher Scheme

  • Health care programmes

 

Contacts
Ministry: Ministry of Education Malaysia (MoE) 

Website: https://www.moe.gov.my/
Email: kpkkpm@moe.gov.my

Mailing address: Level 3, Block E2, E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya.
Telephone: 03-8884 9585 
Fax: 03-8884 9493

 

Web-links
 

Contacts

Location: Malaysia

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IV. Post-Secondary/Pre-Tertiary Education 

After SPM, qualified students who wants to continue public education, can choose either Form Six or matriculation/pre-university studies. At the end of the two-year study, Form Six students will take the Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) assessment exam to qualify them for tertiary education. However, unlike STPM, the matriculation certificate is only valid for universities in Malaysia. The matriculation is a one or two-year programme under the purview of the Ministry of Education. 

Contacts
Ministry: Ministry of Education Malaysia (MoE) 

Website: https://www.moe.gov.my/
Email: kpkkpm@moe.gov.my

Mailing address: Level 3, Block E2, E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya.
Telephone: 03-8884 9585 
Fax: 03-8884 9493

 

Web-links
 

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