Institutional Reforms |  

Institutional Reforms

Separation of Powers of the Government
State    No.    Parliament Constituency    Member    Party    
 Perlis    

P001 Padang Besar  Zahidi Zainul Abidin        UMNO
P003    Arau    Dr. Shahidan Kassim        UMNO
Kedah    

P007    Padang Terap    Mahdzir Khalid        UMNO
P016    Baling    Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim        UMNO
Kelantan    

P026    Ketereh    Annuar Musa        UMNO
P029    Machang    Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub        UMNO
P032    Gua Musang    Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah       UMNO
Terengganu    

P033    Besut    Idris Jusoh        UMNO
Penang    

P041    Kepala Batas    Reezal Merican Naina Merican        UMNO
Perak    

P054    Gerik    Hasbullah Osman        UMNO
P055    Lenggong    Shamsul Anuar Nasarah        UMNO
P061    Padang Rengas    Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz        UMNO
P067    Kuala Kangsar    Mastura Mohd. Yazid        UMNO
P069    Parit    Mohd. Nizar Zakaria        UMNO
P072    Tapah    Saravanan Murugan        MIC
P073    Pasir Salak    Tajuddin Abdul Rahman        UMNO
P075    Bagan Datuk    Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi        UMNO
Pahang    

P078    Cameron Highlands    Ramli Mohd Nor        UMNO
P079    Lipis    Abdul Rahman Mohamad        UMNO
P081    Jerantut    Ahmad Nazlan Idris        UMNO
P084    Paya Besar    Mohd. Shahar Abdullah        UMNO
P085    Pekan    Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak        UMNO
P086    Maran    Ismail Abdul Muttalib        UMNO
P087    Kuala Krau    Ismail Mohamed Said        UMNO
P090    Bera    Ismail Sabri Yaakob        UMNO
P091    Rompin    Hasan Arifin        UMNO
Selangor    

P095    Tanjong Karang    Noh Omar        UMNO
Putrajaya    

P125    Putrajaya    Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor        UMNO
Negeri Sembilan    

P126    Jelebu    Jalaluddin Alias        UMNO
    P127    Jempol    Mohd. Salim Shariff        UMNO
    P131    Rembau    Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar        UMNO
 Malacca    P139    Jasin    Ahmad Hamzah        UMNO
 Johor    P147    Parit Sulong    Noraini Ahmad        UMNO
    P148    Ayer Hitam    Wee Ka Siong        MCA
    P153    Sembrong    Hishammuddin Hussein        UMNO
    P155    Tenggara    Adham Baba        UMNO
    P156    Kota Tinggi    Halimah Mohd. Sadique        UMNO
    P157    Pengerang    Azalina Othman Said        UMNO
    P164    Pontian    Ahmad Maslan        UMNO
    P165    Tanjung Piai    Wee Jeck Seng        MCA
 Sabah    P176    Kimanis    Mohamad Alamin        UMNO
    P187    Kinabatangan    Bung Moktar Radin        UMNO
 

 

Taxes, Levies and Tariffs
Either GST or SST, the consumers have to pay more for their purchases.  GST taxes the consumers at the point of purchase while SST taxes the producer or importer at the point of their purchase, who will, in turn, build in the taxes paid into the price of goods.  Either way, consumers have to pay more for goods.

 

Institutional Reforms |  

Institutional Reforms

Posted on September 18, 2018

 

Separation of Powers of the Government
When we mention the government of Malaysia, who exactly are we referring to? Most people would associate the government to mean the Prime Minister, the politicians, the civil servants, the police force or anyone deemed to be working for the government.  Are we informed of how the different government institutions are structured and why it is important for them to be able to function independently of one another? In order to understand the reforms that the people have asked for, which the new government is considering, we need an insight into the base structure of our government and understanding of how the government machinery is supposed to work in totality.  


What is the Government?
Simply put, the government of Malaysia comprises three distinct branches separately by function. 

The Cabinet is the executive branch that of elected Members of Parliament who are selected by the Prime Minister to be Ministers responsible for their respective portfolio. They are given the authority to execute and enforce rules of law.  

The second branch is the legislative that comprises members known as Members of Parliament (MPs) from both the governing and opposing political parties who are elected by the rakyat at the general election.  Parliament has a legally unchallengeable authority to create amend and repeal rules of law. Regardless of their political party representation, they are supposed the voice of the rakyat to agree or disagree with the legislation of laws and policies. 

The third is the judiciary arm of the country which enforces the laws enacted by the legislative branch.  The courts are to interpret the laws and ensure that they are obeyed.

 

 

The Importance of Institutional Independence

Why do the government institutions need to be independent of each other? 

Based on the Trias Politica principle, each branch of the government must exercise the power, duties and responsibility entrusted to them with full authoritarian free of interference and manipulation.  Only in this way the abuse and misuse of power can be prevented and the government system is able to uphold good governance in governing the country.

It is important that no one branch of the government is allowed to assert their power or overrule the decisions of other branches.  There are clear boundaries separating the functions and authorities of each branch which cannot be overstepped by the other.

A case in point, the 1MDB scandal, is a good recent example as to how the malfunctioned system was not able to perform the proper check-and-balance of the scandal even though detailed allegations of wrongdoings were openly and widely published by the media.

prevent the concentration of unchecked power and to provide for checks and balances to avoid autocracy or inefficiencies.

 

Taxes, Levies and Tariffs
Either GST or SST, the consumers have to pay more for their purchases.  GST taxes the consumers at the point of purchase while SST taxes the producer or importer at the point of their purchase, who will, in turn, build in the taxes paid into the price of goods.  Either way, consumers have to pay more for goods.

 

(1) https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.IMP.GNFS.ZS

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